Introduction - Literature Reviews - GSU Library Research Guides at Georgia State University
University of Michigan Library Research Guides. Ask a Librarian. This is a multidisciplinary guide for graduate students interested in first steps to consider when starting a literature review for their dissertation.
What is a Literature Review? Purpose of a Literature Review Identifies gaps in current knowledge Helps you to avoid reinventing the wheel by discovering the research already conducted on a topic Sets the background on what has been explored on a topic so far Increases your breadth of knowledge in your area of research Helps you identify seminal works in your area Allows you to provide the intellectual context for your work and position your research with other, related research Provides you with opposing viewpoints Helps you to discover research methods which may be applicable to your work Greenfield, T.
Related Guides. A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader.
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- What is a Literature Review?.
In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Producing a literature review may also be part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation of a thesis , dissertation , or a journal article.
Literature reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus the document that is approved before a student formally begins a dissertation or thesis. The main types of literature reviews are: evaluative , exploratory , and instrumental. A fourth type, the systematic review , is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question.
A meta-analysis is typically a systematic review using statistical methods to effectively combine the data used on all selected studies to produce a more reliable result. Shields and Rangarajan distinguish between the process of reviewing the literature and a finished work or product known as a literature review.
How do I Write a Literature Review?: Writing the Review
The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a focused scientific review with pre-defined methodology, see Systematic review.
For the British magazine, see Literary Review. For the American magazine, see The Literary Review.
Literature Review: Conducting & Writing
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